Suffering from Infertility? Know the next steps you ought to take
In today’s scenario, there are millions of couples all over who are suffering from infertility and almost every 1 in 6 face this issue. Infertility is the inability of a couple to bear a child despite not using any contraception for a period of at least 1 year. There are many factors that are reasons why conception does not happen and it may also be due to the male not be able to contribute to conception or the female not being able to get pregnant. Though the female factor is more, almost 50% of infertility cases are due to issues with the male
Here are some causes of infertility:
- Erectile dysfunction
- low sperm count
- no sperm count in semen
- poor sperm quality
- testicular infections
- ejaculation disorders
- Poor egg quality and reserve
- polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
- pelvic surgery with removal of ovaries or uterus
- tubal blockages
- radiotherapy for cancerss
Apart from the causes of infertility here are some risk factors that may see an increase in the number of incidences and identified as given below.
1)Advanced marital age and delay in parenthood: With females choosing to marry late and having children later in life with the age going beyond 40, infertility is on an all-time rise. Though as per studies, female fertility is believed to reduce after the age of 30, the ability to conceive through infertility treatments at Infertility Hospital in India in possible.
2)Smoking: One of the biggest contributors for infertility in recent times, the effect may be more severe when the woman is also a smoker.
3)Obesity : With an onset of changing lifestyles, obesity has become rampant in both men and women leading to infertility.
4)Increased amount of stress levels: which also leads to strained relationships, combined with impotence in men, poor egg quality and erectile dysfunction that is caused by increased stress levels leading to infertility.
5) Eating disorders: this also leads to obesity and poor overall health and infertility
6)Alcohol:this leads to erectile dysfunction thus to infertility.
7)Excessive or lack of exercise:leads to obesity and overall lethargy. Over exercising may lead to erectile dysfunction.
8)Environmental pollution:Exposure to toxins and chemicals may reduce overall sperm and egg quality.
Diagnosing infertility:One of the major reasons for infertility must be identified so that treatment may be directed appropriately. The following tests may be considered useful for diagnosis.
- Blood tests like AMH /LH /FSH
- Ultrasound on day 2 of the menstrual cycle to know the Antral follicular count (AFC)
- STD testing (HIV/HBSAg/VDRL/HCV)
- Thyroid Function Tests
- Serum Prolactin
- Husband Semen Analysis
- Tube Test known as HSG (HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY)
Once the causes are identified, the next step is to decide the treatment such as the following
- Sexual counselling for the couple
- Hormonal treatments for women
- Intrauterine insemination
- In-vitro fertilization
- Donor egg programs
In case you have any concerns or queries about infertility, you can consult our IVF and Blastocyst expert Dr. Nirmala Sadasivam. Her vast experience and consistent willingness to treat high risk Infertility treatments, history of high success rate in healthy pregnancy and healthy relationship with patients has made Genesis IVF highest choice of preference for Infertility treatments in South India.